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Section P

PALIMONY- support paid from one person to another even though they were never married.

PARALEGAL - a trained person who assists a lawyer.

PARENS PATRIAE- a doctrine whereby the state takes jurisdiction over a minor living within its border. It is the basis for deciding what state will assume jurisdiction in a child-custody case.

PARENTING CLASSES - organized classes designed to teach parents how to minimize the negative aspects of divorce on their children.

PARTY - a plaintiff or a defendant in a legal proceeding.

PATERNITY - the legal biological relationship between father and child.

PERJURY - the act of lying under oath in court.

PERSONAL JURISDICTION- the power of the court to make orders regarding an individual and have them enforced.

PERSONAL PROPERTY - property that is not real estate.

PETITION- the title given to the first document filed in pursuit of a divorce.

PETITIONER- the person who initiates the divorce by filing the petition.

PHYSICAL CUSTODY- refers to the parent the child actually lives with. It may be sole or joint, depending upon the arrangements.

PLAINTIFF- the person who initiates the divorce by filing the petition.

PLEADING-a formal written application to the court which requests action by the court.

POSTNUPTIAL - a written contract between husband and wife that states all of their present and future rights in view of their impending divorce.

PRAECIPE - an order asking the court to act. It is addressed to the clerk of court.

PRAYER- the portion at the end of the pleading which states the relief that is requested of the court.

PRECEDENT - something that has already happened that will influence how future similar events will be viewed by the court.

PRENUPTIAL AGREEMENT- a legal contract signed by two people before they get married. It typically involves limitations on a spouse’s rights to property, support, and inheritance upon divorce.

PRESENT VALUE - the value of a future payment or series of future payments discounted to the current date or to time period zero.

PRIMARY CARETAKER- the parent who provides majority of the child’s day to day care.

PRIVILEGE- the right a spouse has to make admissions to an attorney or counselor that can not be later used as evidence.

PRO SE DIVORCE- a divorce in which each spouse represents themselves in court without an attorney.

PROTHONOTHARY - the court clerk in charge of civil filings.

PURPOSE OF AN APPRAISAL - the states scope of an appraisal assignment, i.e., to estimate a defined value of any real property interest, or to conduct an evaluation study pertaining to real property decisions.