Oregon Child Support Definitions


"Joint child" means the dependent child who is the son or daughter of both the mother and the father involved in the support proceeding. In those cases where support is sought from only one parent of a child, a joint child is the child for whom support is sought.

"Nonjoint child" means the legal child of one, but not both of the parents subject to this determination. Specifically excluded from this definition are stepchildren.

"Gross income" means: Income includes income from any source including, but not limited to, salaries, wages, commissions, advances, bonuses, dividends, severance pay, pensions, interest, honoraria, trust income, annuities, return on capital, social security benefits, workers’ compensation benefits, unemployment insurance benefits, disability insurance benefits, gifts, prizes, including lottery winnings, and alimony or separate maintenance received.

Subtract from a parent’s gross income the amount of any spousal support a court orders that a parent to pay, and add to a parent’s gross income any spousal support the parent is entitled to receive. In addition, excluded and not counted as incomes is any child support payment.

"Adjusted gross income" means gross income less the deductions for pre-existing child support obligations and the deductions for nonjoint children.

"Total child support obligation" means the basic child support obligation plus the following additions:

(a) Child care costs - An amount equal to the annualized monthly child care costs, including government child care subsidies, less the federal and state child care credit payable on behalf of joint children, which are due to employment or job search of either parent, or the physical custodian of the children, shall be added to the basic obligation. Such childcare costs shall be reasonable; that is, such costs shall not exceed the level required to provide quality care for the child or
children from a licensed source. Child care costs required for active job search and child care costs required to allow the custodial parent to obtain training or education necessary to obtain a job are allowable on the same basis as costs required in connection with employment.

(b) Medical expenses - The basic child support obligation may be increased by a reasonable amount which recognizes recurring medical costs on behalf of joint children by the custodial parent. Such an increase is allowable only to the extent that such medical costs are not eligible for payment by health or other insurance. Recurring medical costs are defined as those costs which are reasonably expected to occur regularly and periodically in the future based on documented past experience or on substantial evidence of future need.

Criteria to be considered when determining child support:

(a) All earnings, income and resources of each parent, including real and personal property;
(b) The earnings history and potential of each parent;
(c) The reasonable necessities of each parent;
(d) The ability of each parent to borrow;
(e) The educational, physical and emotional needs of the child for whom the support is sought;
(f) The amount of assistance which would be paid to the child under the full standard of need of the state’s IV-A plan;
(g) Preexisting support orders and current dependents; and
(h) Other reasonable criteria which the division may find to be appropriate.